For those of you who still like scripts like in the good old days, here’s post for Windows Defender.
The command to exclude a folder in Windows Defender is shown below. The call to PowerShell may be done from a batch file in the following way:
powershell -Command Add-MpPreference -ExclusionPath "C:\FolderToExclude"
You could chain several of these one after the other or call the PoweerShell script file instead: